CVSS 3.1 Score 5.4 of 10 (medium)


Published Sep 27, 2023
Updated: Nov 7, 2023


CVE-2023-5161 is a vulnerability found in the Modal Window plugin for WordPress, affecting versions up to and including 5.3.5. The vulnerability allows authenticated attackers with contributor-level permissions or above to inject arbitrary web scripts into pages using shortcodes, which will execute whenever a user accesses an injected page. The issue arises from insufficient input sanitization and output escaping of user-supplied attributes. This vulnerability has a base severity rating of MEDIUM and a base score of 5.4 according to NVD, with a CVSS vector of CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N. The potential danger it poses to organizations is moderate, as it requires authentication and specific permissions to exploit. To remediate the vulnerability, users should update their Modal Window plugin to a patched version that addresses the input sanitization and output escaping issues.

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